Breakbulk cargo (or ‘project cargo’) is freight which is too large to be transported on a single flat rack or platform. Typically, breakbulk cargo is loaded across multiple flat racks on the deck of a vessel and then secured for shipment. It is non containerised and is usually transported as individual pieces due to cargo often being oversized and overweight meaning freight containers cannot accommodate the cargo. Cargoes include goods such as construction equipment, oil and gas equipment, windmills, yachts, steel and so on.
Due to reduction of costs and minimising the possibility of theft/damage most of the world’s freight is now containerised meaning it fits into ISO standard containers but because of size and weight restrictions there is still a lot of cargo (such as oversized and heavyweight equipment) which has to be shipped breakbulk.
Out-of-gauge cargo is freight which is too large to fit inside one of our standard 20 ft, 40 ft or 40 ft high cube containers. Instead, this cargo can be safely transported on a platform, flat rack or in an open top container.